Dr Cornelia Navari, University of Buckingham
This talk concerns the rise of China, the ‘isolationism’ of the USA and the uncertain posture of the EU—what is referred to as Power Transition—as seen through the prism of the International Society approach (IS). The IS approach disputes the claims by liberal hegemony and realist power theorists that the coming world order will be necessarily marked by disorder, the possibility of major power war, or the domination of the rules of the game by powerful rising hegemons. It presents the concept of power in the international society approach as a social concept and a matter of ascription, and ‘international society’ in terms of the fundamental institutions of world order, such as sovereignty, diplomacy and international law, and the international organizations in which they are reposed. It argues that the ‘Powers’—Great , Regional and Hegemonic, subsist within and are affected by the foundational institutions of international society and play out their roles through the international organizations in which the foundational institutions are reposed. It then identifies the bedrock institutions of the post-Cold War international society—including regional ownership, humanitarian intervention, democratization and regime change, national self-determination, and the moderated use of force—and plots the coming world order in terms of how they inform, and are likely to be affected by, the power transition.
Dr. Cornelia Navari, emeritus at the University of Birmingham, is an attached member of staff at the University of Buckingham and has served as Visiting Professor of International Affairs. She is presently a commissioning editor for the Oxford Research Encyclopaedia of International Studies, and is leading a project on Power Transition for the English School section of the International Studies Association.