Honorary Professor, Buckingham Centre for Astrobiology
Professor Levin is an unquestioned pioneer of Mars life exploration. In 1970 NASA appointed Levin as a Co-Investigator on the Mariner 9 IRIS experiment. In 1976, Dr Levin was chosen as Experimenter for the Viking Labelled Release Experiment that was carried onboard the NASA Viking 1 and 2 landers to Mars. Levin since 1976 has published in peer reviewed scientific journals, providing the evidence that the nine Viking biology experiments he conducted on the soil of Mars were consistent with a biological response. Among his many research projects, Dr Levin was Principal Investigator of a NASA Mars Sample Return mission study that resulted in a 300-page report. NASA selected Dr Levin for the JPL MOx Scientific Instrument Team which provided a U.S. contribution to the Russian Mars ’96 mission. In 1997 Levin rendered the conclusion, in a book by Barry E. DiGregorio Mars: The Living Planet and simultaneously in a scientific paper for the SPIE, that his Viking biology experiment discovered microbial life on Mars. In 1977, Dr Levin was awarded NASA ‘s Public Service Medal. He is also a member of The Johns Hopkins National Engineering Advisory Council, and also served on Hopkins’ National Advisory Council for the Sheridan Libraries. In 1989 he received the Whiting Medal from the Johns Hopkins University. He is an Adjunct Professor at the Arizona State University, and until 2010 was Honorary Professor at Cardiff University.